As we all know, Internet of Things (IoT) will affect environment greatly. For exmaple, smart home appliances can help us to save energy, water and resources; using the IoT to improve manufacturing efficiency, which helps to optimize energy use; water and air monitoring system can produce a large amount of data, which provids the information of environment that impacts our healthy. However, IoT technologies are also being used to all aspects of protecting the environment and climate change, such as biodiversity conservation, deforestation prevention and poaching, and data collection.
The World Bank estimates that the losses of annual global market illegal logging is $ 10 billion. Illegal logging accounts for about 50% to 90% of all forestry activities that mainly produce tropical forests and 15% to 30% of the global trade in timber.
The Rainforest Connection commonweal organization is running some IoT projects to prevent further damage to forests by preventing illegal logging and other activities. They make some sensors with old phones and installed them in trees, enabling teams to remotely monitor and detect illegal logging and poaching. The sensors monitor sounds related to illegal logging, such as the sound of chainsaws or large vehicles entering unauthorized areas, so authorities can stop illegal logging in real time. These sensors can collect large amounts of data, especially when used by many units, which can be shared and used as an important reference for enhancing protection of some areas in rain forests.
The value of this IoT propose is that activists can take immediate action when illegal logging happens. Topher White, founder of Rainforest Connection, said: “It’s no more about going out and finding a tree that’s been cut. It’s not about seeing a tree from a satellite area that’s been cut. It’s real-time intervention.”